South Sudan – most dangerous for aid workers

South Sudan Aid

The United States Agency for International Development (USAid) administrator, Mark Green, has termed South Sudan as the most dangerous country for aid workers but has also expressed hope that the civil war can be stopped.

Mr Green, in his two-day visit to the South Sudanese capital Juba and the northwestexrn Wau region, also met President Salva Kiir and urged him to end the suffering of the people.

South Sudan again ranked one of the most corrupt

South Sudan Corruption

South Sudan yet again ranked one of the world’s most corrupt countries. Big Oil’s pollution of water, government, environment, is a big reason why.

According to official reports, all current political leaders, most responsible for mass killings and rapes across South Sudan, have amassed enormous wealth though illegal means. Family members and friends of both the current president Salva Kiir and his main rival and former vice president Riek Machar own properties worth in millions of dollars, drive luxury cars and stay at expensive hotels all over the world.

Although the primary corruption legislation, the Southern Sudan Anti-Corruption Commission Act 2009 and the South Sudan Penal Code Act 2008, cover a wide range of corruption offences, gifts and bribery are still widespread in all sectors of the economy in South Sudan.

South Sudan – one of the most corrupt countries

South Sudan Corruption

South Sudan ranked one of the world’s most corrupt countries. Big Oil’s pollution of water, government, environment big reason why.

South Sudan officially declared independence in 2011. That, following long-standing conflicts with its parent country, Sudan, which gained its independence in 1956. Between the mid-1950s and now, conflicts in the region have resulted in the deaths of as many as 2.5 million people, or so the CIA contends. South Sudan now stands as an independent republic, composed of 10 states.

A nation still in its infancy, South Sudan does not have the traditional long-standing government structures in place that many others do. This has led to ripe opportunities for corrupt politicians to step in. The country remains mostly undeveloped, and its citizens participate in a largely subsistence-based economic system. One other issue is the lack of a sense of nationhood among the 200 or so distinct ethnic groups occupying the country.

These Are the 15 Most Corrupt Countries in the World

South Sudan is the world’s most suffering

South Sudan UN Report

It’s official – South Sudan is the world’s most suffering, says the UN’s World Happiness Report 2017. 

Civil War, Crime and Famine Plague South Sudan

Civil war erupted in South Sudan shortly after it gained independence in 2011; high crime rates and food shortages — that eventually became famine — followed. Suffering rates in the new country increased significantly from 33% in 2014 to 47% in 2016 — the highest level of suffering worldwide.

According to the most recent Gallup data, more than four in 10 (46%) South Sudanese in 2016 report having money or property stolen in the past 12 months, the second-highest percentage in the world after Uganda, and one in four, 24%, have been assaulted, reflecting crime rates that are among the highest in sub-Saharan Africa. And last month, the United Nations declared a famine in two sections of the country while warning that half of the population of South Sudan is facing starvation. Because of the dangerous conditions, emergency relief agencies struggle to deliver food and water to the most desperate areas. In 2016, seven in 10 South Sudanese say they did not have enough money to buy needed food for themselves or their families — an increase of nine percentage points from 2015 (61%).

Drink this cocktail of pollution or die of thirst

South Sudan Water

Drink this cocktail of pollution or die of thirst: the tragic choice facing this South Sudanese woman – thanks to Big Oil’s poisoning of water, lives, politics, environment in South Sudan.

Statement from Maude Barlow

Statement from Maude Barlow, one of the world’s most respected “water evangelists”Maude Barlow

Water pollution is deadly. Oil-rich South Sudan is showing us how deadly.

As The Lancet PR eloquently documents, water pollution has become one of the worst killers of humanity. This especially holds true in South Sudan, whose main problem is wastes spewing out of oil fields.

Proof that these wastes are behind South Sudan’s fourth-worst-in-the-world rate of water pollution-caused deaths has been provided by the scientists gathering data on-site. This data is presented in a new report, which is must reading for all environmentalists and other friends of South Sudan. I commend German NGO Sign of Hope and the scientists working with them for their brave, caring and thorough campaign for clean water in South Sudan.


What War Can’t Destroy

Sara Hylton

Years of conflict have torn at the seams of Juba, South Sudan. But the city’s people hold their heads high.

In South Sudan, street photography is essentially illegal. It is another casualty of the civil war. Young, fit, twitchy soldiers are everywhere, ready to crack down on anyone who pulls out a camera. No reasons are ever given and no laws are on the books specifically banning photography, but security services across the country have arrested photographers and roughed them up for taking even the most innocent pictures, like a shot of women baking bread.

It wasn’t always like this, but in the four years since the war broke out, scattering millions of people and unleashing unspeakable horrors, the South Sudanese government has become incredibly suspicious. In a country that has ripped itself apart by internecine conflict, anyone can be the enemy.

Stepping off a plane in Juba, the capital, you feel this tight-shouldered tension immediately. Sara Hylton, a Canadian documentary photographer who came here on assignment in August, had anticipated the hostility. What surprised her was the city’s bold style.


Nnimmo Bassey’s statement

Nnimmo Bassey

Hero of the Environment Nnimmo Bassey:
“First Nigeria, now South Sudan: fatal consequences for Africa from oil’s pollution of continent’s water”

The situation in Africa is truly worrisome. What is even more troubling is that,
despite reports like the attached “Oil pollution’s killing of South Sudan”, actions are
not being taken to address oil’s dumping of its wastes into the continent’s
water and on to its land.

Nigeria’s pollution debacle continues. Thousands of barrels of ‘produced
water’ – laden with heavy metals and other poisons – are being dumped daily
into the environs of the oil fields located in the Niger Delta in Nigeria.
People are dying because of this. Life expectancy stands at a mere 41
years in the region – the lowest in the country.
And now the same thing is taking place in South Sudan, which, thanks to oil
wastes, has the fourth highest rate of water pollution-caused fatalities in the

A good place to start would be the taking of urgently-need measures to stop
wastes from getting into surface and ground water situation in and around oil
fields and nearby communities. Any delay will simply compound the disaster.

Rescuing children in the rainy season

Autumn’s rains bring badly-needed water to South Sudan – and, unfortunately, malaria,
pneumonia and other water-thriving diseases. Frequent victims of these diseases are children
already savagely weakened by malnutrition.

Clinics supported by Sign of Hope, a Germany-based NGO, have devoted themselves to rescuing
these children. Here is the story of one such rescue.

Abeny Marial is a year old. She is – quite obviously – sick and hungry. Her body bears the
marks of malaria and malnutrition, including the characteristically bulbous stomach. She is also
shivering with cold. It’s the rainy season in South Sudan, and the season’s relatively low
temperatures are a source of suffering for both Abeny and her family as a whole. For a simple
reason: they can’t afford warm clothes. The only source of warmth and comfort for the little girl is
her mother’s lap and her mother’s breast.

To little avail. Her mother, whose name is Awet, has no milk for her. She too is undernourished. No
wonder that Abeny cries incessantly.

There is some good news in store for Abeny. She is about to get caring and expert treatment. It will be
provided by a clinic in the town of Rumbek, which is located in central South Sudan. Awet has brought
her suffering daughter to the clinic.

The treatment starts with a check-up of Abeny’s condition. “She is suffering from acute
undernourishment”, reports Chol Ajoung, who is responsible for nutrition at the clinic, which is operated
by the local diocese.

Malnutrition weakens children’s immune systems, making them in turn susceptible to falling sick
with malaria, pneumonia and other diseases. This is what happened to Abeney, says Awet. She
reports that Abeney was healthy until a few months ago. “She started gradually losing weight. I
thought the problem was that I no longer had any milk for her. But this weight loss was followed
by nausea, diarrhea and loss of appetite. I realized that she had malaria,” she concludes.

The clinic’s check-up is followed by treatment. It is comprised of medication. This enables
Abeney to keep down the highly-nutritious food that the clinic is also providing her – with good
results. Abeney’s fever has gone down. Her diarrhea is gone. She is still, however, contending
with malaria itself.

A family flees
In addition to Abeney and Awet, the Marial family is comprised of Mayom Marial (40) and five other
children. Neither Mayom and Awet ever had the opportunity to go to school. Mayom is a livestock

This used to be a good livelihood in South Sudan. It guaranteed the herders and their families – and
especially those complementing it by doing a bit of farming – enough to eat and perhaps even a bit of
money to spend.

One of the many conflicts raging throughout the Rumbek region brought that relatively
prosperous time to an end for the Marial family, which lived in a village 24 kilometers north of Rumbek.

An attack on their village sent the Marials fleeing. The attackers robbed them of their livestock
and burned down their hut.

The Marials escaped with their lives. Some of their neighbors weren’t so lucky.

Awet tells the story: “It was dark out. We were woken by shots and screams. We ran outside. It
was a scene of absolute chaos. The darkness made it impossible to distinguish between the
attackers and the defenders. In their panic, cows ran around wildly. This was highly dangerous.
The cows injured many people

After the attackers took our livestock, we grabbed our children and ran for our lives. We couldn’t
take any of our possessions with us, not even food. The only things that we had to wear were
those we had put on to sleep.”

Like hundreds of thousands before them, the Marials and many of their fellow villagers fled to
the safety apparently offered by a large communities – in their case, Rumbek.

Their flight ended in Nyang-Kot, a refugee camp located five kilometers north of Rumbek. Awet tells
what happened upon arrival: “We had a bit of luck. Relatives of ours were already in the camp, and they
gave us whatever help they could. Life here is very hard. We have to buy everything we need. We hope
that things calm down in our village, and that we can return there.”

Hope for Abeny
Life is improving for the Marials. Like Abeny herself, her family is also being assisted. They are
receiving food – primarily rice, beans, oil, sorghum, sugar, salt and milk – and such essentials of life as
blankets and soap.

Abeny has started responding well to the medication. She has started eating porridge and drinking milk.
This, in turn, has calmed her down. Awet adds: “I now have the hope that she will get well soon and we
can soon bring her back to the rest of our family. I thank God and the people that are helping us.”